One of the most enjoyable things about training with positive reinforcement is that as soon as the dogs sense that a training session is about to start, a kind of buzz happens. They can be fast asleep or lolling about in the sun, or just sitting gazing out at the garden, but as soon as they hear me getting my gear together (and they hear it – no matter how quiet I am), all of them are standing at the door, tails wagging and eyes bright. This is because they just love training – training is not a chore it is a game we play together. It gives them an opportunity to have a conversation with their trainer, to problem solve, to earn reinforcement.
Using positive reinforcement with a bridging stimulus has another advantage. It gives the dog freedom to experiment with behaviours. This is a trait that is not present in any dog that shows signs of Behavioural Inhibition. There is nothing sadder than a dog that is so anxious about doing the wrong thing that it ends up doing as little as possible. It becomes so inhibited that teaching it anything outside its experience is really difficult and time-consuming.
Some features of a behaviourally inhibited or shut-down dog would be a resistance to trying anything new or foreign to its experience. A 14 week old puppy that has been positively trained from the get-go will have absolutely no problem rapidly offering behaviours such as climbing on to a raised object, offering position changes voluntarily, readily taking food rewards, making eye contact and so on. The inhibited dog will, on the other hand, even when lured on to a raised object, will, after many, many sessions be very hesitant to try it and will often start the session simply sitting or standing and doing as little as possible. This same dog will take many, many sessions of luring the down before offering the position, and even then will lower itself cautiously without making eye contact as though not sure what the consequences will be.
It is possible to make things better for these sad little dogs.
- Identify the situation that tends to activate behavioural inhibition and avoid that situation. Change the environment. If the dog is unhappy in the area that you train, move somewhere else where the dog is more comfortable.
- Identify anything that the dog will participate in willingly. And gradually use this participation to ease the dog into working more confidently towards goals that you have set.
- Observe the dog closely and avoid anything that causes the dog to shut down. Once the dog becomes more confident these things can gradually be reintroduced.
Exercise LOTS of patience. Even a hint of frustration or irritation will lead to a shut-down dog. End the session immediately you start becoming frustrated.