Instead of presenting yet another challenge, I would like to post this article that I wrote in 2012 and I feel is very relevant now.
According to Frans de Waal empathy is the capacity to (a) be affected by and share the emotional state of another, (b) assess the reasons for the other’s state, and (c) identify with the other, adopting his or her perspective. This deﬁnition extends beyond what exists in many animals, but the term “empathy” … applies even if only criterion (a) is met.”
There are a many articles and studies done on whether or not dogs are empathetic towards humans. But in spite of the fact that empathy towards the dogs we live with is an essential ingredient in our relationship and interaction with these animals very little has been written about this subject. How often with our own dogs do we put feelings of frustration and aggravation…
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